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Government's disablity friendly initiatives and ground reality of disability education in the country
The official release on the highlights of the address by President Ram Nath Kovind to the joint sitting of two Houses of Parliament on January 31 has made a mention of the disability friendly initiatives undertaken by the government.

According to the release, "Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment established by Atal ji had started the tradition of organizing camps to assist the Divyangjans. In the past four-and-a-half years, Government has been organising 140 camps on an average every month where Divyangjans are receiving assistive equipments. During this period, assistive equipments worth Rs 700 crore have been distributed to about 12 lakh Divyangjans in a fully transparent manner."

The release adds that the GOI under the 'Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan' has made about 1,000 Government buildings and more than 650 railway stations fully accessible to Divyangjans and started working on a uniform sign language for Divyangjan applicable throughout the country.

The release also asserted that through the enactment of 'The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016',  Government has provided them with equal opportunity in education, social security and employment.

"Unfortunately, even the special schools dedicated to children with special needs and run by various NGOs have not reformed their school system which requires the Individual Education Plans for each child in the light the enactment of law of 2016. Presently, the most suffered are the children with specific learning disablities who get thrown out of mainstream schools and special schools do not have the preparedness and staff to accomodate them," said the the caregiver of a child with dysgraphia disability in Jaipur adding that the government was only interested in distributing aids and appliances to mentally-abled impaired people.

According to a well-viewed blogger Praveen on his post 'Rights of Disabled Persons' writes, "Disabilities can be physical in nature, cognitive, behavioural, or even emotional. This particular disabilities topic centre contains mostly reference to physical and sensory forms of disability, as other forms are adequately covered in other topic centres. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. People with disabilities all over the world experience human rights violations, stigma and discrimination."

"To have a disability means that one has fundamental difficulty accomplishing things that others take for granted. There are many social factors that can affect whether or not individuals with disabilities are included or excluded from participation on various activities, which in turn can affect development or esteem. Disability is thus just not a health problem. It is a complex phenomenon, reflecting the interaction between features of a person's body and features of the society in which he or she lives," adds Praveen's blog

"A majority of children with special needs do not receive any formal education, in spite of the practice of inclusive education in some schools. This is because children with disabilities and learning deficiencies are segregated from mainstream schools and other regular routines and social activities of normal children." writes Amrita Thakkar in her well-read blog 'The Essential Guide to Special Needs Education in India.'

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